Basketball is a game played between two teams in a rectangular court. It is the most widely viewed sports in the world. The objective of the game is to put the ball inside the basket with a hoop. The international basketball federation was formed by eight nations: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and Switzerland. It is organized by FIBA (federation internationale de basketball amateur). The first FIBA men’s championship was played in 1950 in Argentina and the first women’s championship was held in Chile, in 1959.
It consists of point guard, shooting guard, small forward, power forward and center. For most of the team today the small forward and the shooting guard have only small responsibilities. They are called as wings. Forward and the center players are referred as post players. There are two main defenses: zone defense and mam-to-man defense. In zone defense each player is given area to guard. In man-to-man defense each player is allotted with a specific opponent to guard. It is played with a technics of shooting, rebounding, passing, dribbling and blocking. Shooting is the process of attempting to place the ball inside the basket. Rebounding is the act of protecting the ball without allowing the opponent to place the ball inside the basket. Pass the act of moving the ball in between the players of the same team without allowing the opponents to get the ball away from them. Dribbling is the process of bouncing the ball with one hand and moving towards the goal. Block the act done after the goal is attempted. The ball is moved down to the court by simply passing or bouncing the ball towards the goal. The team with the ball is often called the offense. The team without the ball is called defense. If the team score a basket then three points is awarded to that team and the ball is given to the other team. Point is also awarded to the opponent team when one commits fouls. Fouling a shooter always allows the player to have two or three continuous throw. Each team is assigned with a basket which means the opponent’s basket is the goal. The game begins when both the payers of the team at center court. Each team is associated with a goal or basket to defend. The referee will toss and gives the ball to that team who wins the toss and the opponent team will try to steal the ball from that team in order to score points. Fouls are the illegal physical contact while playing which includes hitting, slapping, and pushing, holding and an illegal picking of ball.
The International Basketball Federation commonly called as FIBA is governing this sport. FIBA defines the international basketball rules. Also provides the equipment and facilities required. It also appoints the referees. It consists of 213 members who are divided into five commissions: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania. The FIBA world cup is played once in four years.